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Diabetes Care Basics

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Switch to:

Diabetes Care Basics

When it comes to managing their condition, people with diabetes have a lot to stay on top of, including their medications, blood sugar monitoring, insulin injections, and more. By familiarizing yourself with these basics of diabetes care, you can alleviate some of the stress and pressure that they may be feeling. Your support can really make a difference, so to better understand how you can help, here are some tips to consider.

Encourage healthy habits: For many people with diabetes, losing weight is crucial to controlling their symptoms and improving the effectiveness of their insulin. Learning how to balance their plate will allow you to assist them in preparing meals and food shopping. Similarly, finding activities that you can do together—like walks or bike rides—will also help them improve their health.


Learn about their medications: People with diabetes should always consult with their doctor when it comes to any questions about their medication. But, if you live with a person who has diabetes, it might be helpful to know the basics of their medication routine.


Ask them about their insulin pump or continuous glucose monitor: Insulin pumps are an important tool for people with diabetes to balance and maintain their blood glucose levels, and continuous glucose monitors keep track of blood sugar levels without the need for finger stick checks. Should the person in your life with diabetes have trouble using these or become unable to, knowing how to use them can be an enormous help.


Know the signs of low blood sugar: Always keep an eye out for signs commonly associated with low blood sugar, including paleness, weakness, trembling, confusion, and hunger. If you notice any of these symptoms, call their provider immediately to avoid seizures or loss of consciousness.


Remind them to check their feet: Because of glucose imbalance, people with diabetes can experience foot numbness and slow wound healing. Remind them to check their feet for cuts, bruises, or blisters to avoid any serious health complications like nerve damage.


If you ever have questions or concerns about caring for someone with diabetes, don’t hesitate to reach out to their primary care provider. And, to learn more, check out our other diabetes resources.


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